Spitfires of the Sea was created to provide a clear and concise overview of Coastal Forces in the Second World War. It seeks to explain their development, provide details of their design, cover their actions and the crew that served in them and, where possible, identify survivors from that period that still survive today.
Coastal Forces have not perhaps received the full amount of attention in history that they deserve. Whilst there have been many excellent books written about Coastal Forces, they are not as easy to obtain today as books on other subjects. This website seeks to help redress that balance by providing information for the general reader that enables them to get a better understanding of their fascinating history.
To ensure accuracy throughout, only reliable sources, either published works or original documents (such as Admiralty reports held at The National Archives) are used to put the content of this website together. That said, identifying surviving craft is not something that can be easily looked up and much original research has gone into finding and verifying the existence of these boats.
In creating the website, it has been necessary to create a few standards where they do not always exist in sources. MGBs are usually known as Motor Gun Boats, but occasionally as Motor Gunboats. On this site, Motor Gun Boat has been used, in order to provide consistency with MTB and Motor Torpedo Boat. Similarly, the term S-boat is used throughout rather than E-boat. In The Battle of the Narrow Seas, Peter Scott explains that the term E-boat was officially adopted by the Royal Navy in 1940 as an abbreviation for Enemy War Motorboat. However, S-boat is an abbreviation for the boat’s German name ‘Schnellboote’ and is more consistent with the abbreviation of R-boat for Räumboote.
About the author
Stephen Fisher is a professional maritime historical researcher, specialising in 20th century maritime warfare. Until recently he led the research of more than 1,100 First World War shipwrecks along the south coast of England for the Maritime Archaeology Trust’s Forgotten Wrecks of the First World War project. Previous work has included the Second World War archaeology of the New Forest, Operation Overlord archaeology in the Solent and various landing craft. At present he is undertaking research into Coastal Forces for Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, undertaking archaeological surveys of the New Forest and occasionally sailing on cruises with National Geographic as a historian.
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